Protected Areas in Madhya Pradesh

MPPSC conducts every year MPPSC Examination for Posts like Deputy Collector, Deputy Superintendent of Police, Naib Tehsildar, Block Development Officer, etc. This article will provide you with the list and details of several National parks and wildlife sanctuary located in the state of Madhya Pradesh, which is crucial for the Preliminary as well as main exam of MPPSC.

Madhya Pradesh has 10 National Parks and 25 Wildlife Sanctuaries and 6 Tiger Reserves as Protected Areas, which constitutes 3.51% of the total geographic area.

Wildlife Sanctuary in Madhya Pradesh

A sanctuary is a protected area that is reserved for the conservation of only animal and human activities. The total number of Sanctuaries in Madhya Pradesh is Twenty-five (25). Boundaries of sanctuaries are not well defined and controlled biotic interference is permitted. Madhya Pradesh shares some of the typical Indian fauna like chital, nilgai, blackbuck, four-horned antelope and the sloth bear along with some others like gaur, sambar and the barking deer.

Below is the complete list of the Wildlife Sanctuaries in Madhya Pradesh.

NameEstablished YearAreaPlaceFaunaFlora
Nauradehi Wildlife Sanctuary 19751197  km2SagarLeopard,  Tiger, Wolf, Wild dog, Fox, Blue bull, Crocodile, Sambhar, Chital, Bear, Chinkara etc.Teak, Dhawda, Bhirra,  Saja etc.
Bagdara Sanctuary1978478 km2SidhiPanther,  Tiger, Chinkara, Cheetal, Sambhar, Black Buck, Wild Boar etc.Tendu, Dhawda, Khjair, Palash, Lendia etc. 
Phen Sanctuary1983111 km2MandlaLeopard,  Tiger, Wildboar, Cheetal, Sambhar etc.Teak,  Sal, Saja, Aonla, Tendu, Jamun, Bel, Bamboo etc.
Ghatigaon Sanctuary1981511  km2GwaliorThe Great Indian Bustard, Blackbuck, Chital, Wolf,  Monkey, Blue bull, Wild boar, Hyena, Fox etc.Murjan,  Khair, Palash, Seja, Dhawada, Dhaman, Heans, Katli, Salai etc.
Bori Wildlife Sanctuary 1975646 km2HoshangabadPanther, Tiger, Samber, Chital, Barking deer, Four-horned antelope, Bear Chinkara, Bison, Wildbore, Hyena, Wolf, Crocodile etc.Sal, Bija, Teak, Bamboo, Tendu  etc.
Gandhi Sagar Sanctuary1974369 km2MandsaurLeopard, Chinkara, Wild Boar, Wild dog,  Fox, Bear, Jackal etc.Khair, Moyan, Palas, Tendu, Saja, Ber, Mahua, Khardhai,  Dhawada, etc.
Kuno Wildlife Sanctuary 1981345 km2MorenaLeopard,  Tiger, Blue bull, Chital, Sambhar, Chinkara, Bear etc.Gurjan, Ber, Ghot, Roja, Palash,  Kardhai, Khair, Salai, Dhawada, Tendu , Mahua, Kasai etc.
Ken Ghariyal Sanctuary198145 km2Chhatarpur, PannaChinkara, Wild boar Blue bull, Peacock,  Chital, Monkey etc.Khair,  Teak, Dhawda, Seja, Jamun (Syzizium), Pakar etc.
Kheoni Sanctuary1955123 km2Dewas, SehoreSambhar, Cheetal, Blue bull, Four-horned antelope, Wild Boar, Barking Deer, wolf etc.A deciduous woods filled with Teak and Bamboo trees.
Narsingharh Sanctuary197457 km2RajgarhSambhar, Cheetal, BlueBull, Leopard, Wild Boar, Bhedki, Crocodile etc.Dhawda, Khair, Bhaeda,  Teak, Saja, Karonda, Karghai, Lendia, Arjun, Chandan etc.
National Chambal Sanctuary 1978435  km2MorenaCrocodile, Otter, Tortoise, Gigantic dolphin, Blue bull, Rabbit, Wild boar etc.Khair,  Khus, Moonj, Bamboo etc.
Karera Sanctuary1981202 km2ShivpuriThe Great Indian Bustard, Padki, Baya, Tithari, Chital, Black Buck etc.Acacia, Ber bushes within mixed deciduous forests.
Pachmarhi Sanctuary1977417 km2HoshangabadRhesus Macaque,  Tiger, Wild Boar, Otter, Barking Deer, Panther, Chital, Flying Squirrel, Giant Squirrel, Honey Buzzard, Crested Serpent Eagle, Malabar Pied Hornbill & Whistling Thrush.Saja, Bija, Tinsa, Dhaora, Sal, Haldu, Palash, Kasai, Bamboo etc.
Panpatha Sanctuary1983249 km2ShahdolPanthers,  Tiger, Jackal, Wild dog, Chital, Sambhar, Blue bull, Porcupine, Chausingha, Bear etc.Sal, saja, Bija, Dhawda, Khair, Tendu, Acacia, Mahua, Bamboo etc.
Pench Sanctuary1983757.85  km2SeoniPanther, Tiger, Wild dog, Cheetal, Sambhar, Chausingha, Bison, Wildboar, and many other species of mammals and reptiles besides.Saja, Jamun, Dhaora, Mahua, Semal, Lendia, Aonla, Tendu, Dhaman, Palas, Kusum, Baheda,  Teak, and Bamboo
Ratapani Sanctuary1976435  km2RaisenLeopard, Cheetal, Sambhar, Tiger, Wild Boar, Bear, Blue Bull, Wild Dog, etc.Teak, Sheesham, Saja, Tendu, Khair, etc. 
Sanjay-Dubri Wildlife Sanctuary1975365 km2SidhiPanther,  Tiger, Sambhar, Cheetal, BlueBull, Barking Deer, Chinkara, Wild Dog, Bear, Wolf, Jackal,  Wild Boar etc. Dhawda,  Sal,  Tendu, Harra, Bija, Sedha, Baheda, Saja, Salai, Mahua, Semal, Shishum, Aonla etc.
Son Ghariyal Sanctuary1981209 km2SidhiCrocodiles,  Alligators, Tortoises etc.Sal, Teak, Saja
Sardarpur Sanctuary 1983348 km2DharKharmour and other birds.Palash, Khjda,  Teak, Gunradi and Grasses etc.
Sailana Sanctuary198313 km2RatlamThe bird ‘Kharmour’ is the principal species of the Sanctuary.Grass is found mainly in the area. 
Singhori Sanctuary1976288 km2RaisenRoyal Bengal Tiger, Sambar, Leopard, Chital, Nilgai, Wild Boar and fox.Bamboo,  Teak, Chair, Baja, Daora, Tendu, and Salai. Tropical deciduous forest.
Ralamandal Sanctuary1989 5 km2IndoreDeer, Rabbit, Camel, Sambar, Blue Bull, and Leopard.Saja,  Teak, Chandan, Eucalyptus, Babul, Bamboo etc.
Orchha Sanctuary199446 km2TikamgarhBlue bull, Peacock, Wild pig, Monkey, Jackal, etc. Teak, Palash, Khair etc.
Gangau Sanctuary  1975 69 km2  ChhatarpurSloth Bear, Wild Boar, Wild dog, Hyena,  Leopard, Chinkara, Chital, Deer, Nilgai, Chousingha, and Sambar. Birds like white-necked Stork, Bar Headed Goose, Paradise Flycatcher, King Vulture, Honey Buzzard, and Blossom-Headed ParakeetTectona Grandis, Anogeissus Latifolia, Anogeissus Pendula, Lannea Coromandelica, Madhuca Indica. Plants like Lantana Camera, Grewia Sp., etc.
Veerangna Durgawati Sanctuary199724 km2DamohSpotted deer, Tiger, Panther, Sambhar, Four-horned antelope (Chousingha), Wild boar, Blue bull, etc.Tinsa, Tendu, Baheda, Teak,  Dhawda, Palas, Jamun etc.

National Parks in Madhya Pradesh

Total number of National Parks in Madhya Pradesh is 10.  Complete List of National Parks in Madhya Pradesh is given below.

Name of the ParkEstablishment YearArea (km2)
Bandhavgarh National Park1968448.85
Satpura National Park1981585.17
Fossil National Park19830.27
Kanha National Park1955940
Pench (Priyadarshini; Mowgliland) National Park1975292.85
Sanjay National Park1981466.88
Panna National Park1981542.67
Madhav National Park1959375.22
Van Vihar National Park19794.45
Dinosaur National Park20100.8974
  • Kanha National Park is the largest National Parks in Madhya Pradesh. It is famous for its Royal Bengal Tiger.
  • Panna National Park received Award of Excellence in 2007 by the Ministry of Tourism in India for the best maintenance.
  • Mandla Plant Fossils National Park is the smallest national park of Madhya Pradesh.

Tiger Reserve in Madhya Pradesh

Kanha Tiger ReserveMandla, Balaghat
Pench Tiger ReserveSeoni, Chhindwara
Bandhavgarh Tiger ReserveUmaria
Panna Tiger ReservePanna
Satpura Tiger ReserveHoshangabad
Sanjay-Dubri Tiger ReserveSidhi, Singrauli

Panchmarhi Biosphere Reserve-

Biosphere reserves are declared under the MAB program by UNESCO. Pachmarhi Biosphere reserve was declared so in 2009. It is located in the Satpura range covering the districts of Hoshangabad, Betul and Chhindwara. It includes three wildlife conservation areas, Satpura National Park and Panchmari Sanctuary, the Bon Sanctuary.

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